Kenya has been chosen among 20 Countries, to participate in a research study that seeks to understand people who are at risk of developing dementia.
Dementia is not a specific disease but is rather a general term for the impaired ability to remember, think, or make decisions that interfere with doing everyday activities.
The three-year project will be evaluating the number of people living with dementia and will be led by the University of Miami in the U.S.
According to Dr. Victoria Mmutiso, a senior researcher with Africa Mental health research and training foundation, the study will involve researchers going into the genetics of dementia and they will be collecting data from 600 individuals.
From the sample, 300 individuals after the assessment for symptoms of dementia need to be positive for dementia and 300 people should be matching those ones in terms of their age and everything else but do not have symptoms of dementia.
“Three hundred of those we will be collecting blood so that we can look at the genetic make-up of those individuals so that we study who are the people who are likely to develop dementia and able to provide interventions,” Mutiso said.
“From that, we are able to tell what are the characteristics of people who are likely to develop dementia so that we institute early interventions before it becomes debilitating because we do know it has a high burden,” she added.
“It is very exciting because it is the first of its kind in Africa and we are excited about this work. We have already set up what we are calling a biomarker laboratory at the Africa Mental health research and training foundation in Upper Hill to do this work.”
According to CDC, although dementia mostly affects older adults, it is not a part of normal ageing.
CDC however maintains that the strongest known risk factor for dementia is increasing age, with most cases affecting those of 65 years and older.
Other risk factors noted include head injuries especially if they are severe or occur repeatedly.
People with dementia have problems with, memory, attention, communication, reasoning, judgment, and problem solving visual perception beyond typical age-related changes in vision.