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Featured Updated: 06 July 2022 12:44 EAT 256 Views | ~ 53 seconds

World Zoonoses Day 2022: What is zoonosis?

The term zoonoses is derived from the Greek word “zoon”, which means an animal, and “noses” means illnesses, therefore, the word zoonoses refers to infections that are transmissible from a vertebrate animal to humans and vice versa.

According to World Health Organisation, Zoonotic pathogens may be bacterial, viral, or parasitic, and can spread to humans through direct contact or food, water, or the environment.

Zoonotic-related infections have paused major public health threats around the globe due to human relationships with animals, which explains the importance of observing world Zoonoses day.

World zoonoses day is held annually on the 6th of July to raise awareness of these infections.

The day is also meant to honor Louis Pasteur a biologist who on July 6th, 1985 successfully administered the first-ever rabies vaccine to a patient.

The infections are spread via a bite or direct contact with the body fluids of an infected animal.

leptospirosis
monkeypox
Doctors with bacteriological protection suits preparing an Ebola patient

Some of these zoonotic infections include Rabies, monkeypox, Ebola, Swine flu, leptospirosis, brucellosis, anthrax, rickettsioses, plague, and chikungunya.

They are endemic in tropical regions which are economically challenged.

Symptoms Of Zoonotic Infections

Fever

Muscle and joint pain

Headache

Diarrhea

Fatigue.

Treatment

Sanitization of the wound

Vaccination

Antiviral drugs

Supportive therapy

Antibiotics drugs

Prevention and control

Safe and appropriate guidelines to be applied while handling animals.

Clean drinking water and remove waste materials.

Educating people on proper hand washing after being in contact with animals.


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