What is Coronavirus and COVID-19?
According to the World Health Organization, Coronaviruses refers to a big family of viruses that may cause sickness in human beings or animals. In humans, a number of of these coronaviruses bring about respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to even more severe diseases including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Furthermore, the newly discovered coronavirus causes the COVID-19 disease.
COVID-19 refers to an infectious disease caused by coronavirus. The first case of the Covid-19 disease was first recorded in December 2019 after an outbreak in Wuhan, China.
VI – Virus
D – Disease
19 – 2019 (The year the disease was first experienced and recorded)
What are the Symptoms of COVID-19 Disease?
The symptoms of COVID-19 start mild and get severe gradually, however, there are people who get infected but do not show any symptoms or even feel unwell. According to World Health Organization, about 80% of infected people recover from COVID-19 disease without requiring any special treatment. Furthermore, people with ailments like; Diabetes, Heart Problems, High Blood Pressure, and the elderly have a higher chance of getting severely sick if infected by COVID-19 disease.
The common symptoms of COVID-19 include:
- Dry Cough
- Body Pain/Aches
- Running Nose
- Sore Throat
- Difficulty in Breathing
- Nasal Congestion
It is recommended that anyone with at least two of these symptoms should seek medical attention and most especially get tested for COVID-19.
How Does COVID-19 Spread?
COVID-19 disease spreads from one person to another through droplets of fluids from the mouth or nose when an infected person coughs or exhales. This happens when the fluids land on the other person. Additionally, if the fluids land on surfaces or objects, one can contract the disease if they touch the contaminated surface or object and then touch their eyes, mouth, or nose.
How to Protect Yourself from COVID-19
To reduce your chances of contracting COVID-19, consider taking the following precautions.
- Clean Hands
Regularly wash your hands with clean water and soap to kill viruses that may be in your hands.
Regularly clean, your hands with alcohol based had rub or sanitizers also to kill the viruses that may be in your hands.
2. Social Distancing
Keep a minimum distance of one metre (3 feet) between you and anyone. This is to prevent any contact with infected droplets from the mouth or nose when someone sneezes or coughs. Additionally, if you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, as well as the COVID-19 virus if the person sneezing or coughing has the disease.
3. Avoid Touching your Face
One should seize from touching their face especially the eyes, nose and mouth because the hands may have picked coronavirus from surfaces it touched, hence you may transfer the virus to yourself through touching your nose, eyes or mouth with the contaminated hands and as a result get sick.
4. Practice Respiratory Hygiene
Cover your nose and mouth anytime you sneeze or cough. You can cough or sneeze into your bent elbow or a tissue paper, which you properly dispose immediately after use. Also ensure the people in your circle practice respiratory hygiene to prevent spreading coronavirus.
5. Stay Home
If you feel unwell, stay at home, as you observe your symptoms. If you experience fever, coughs, and breathing difficulties, seek medical attention from a physician. Also, avoid unnecessary traveling especially to areas that have recorded cases of the COVID-19 disease.
By: Linzer Kibebe